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Show full transcript for 2015 Guidelines Update - CPR video

The CPR guidelines as recommended by the American Heart Association in conjunction with ECC were changed / updated in October 2015.

The changes related to CPR are very minor and really just set an upper limit for rate and depth of compressions. The rate is now clarified as 100-120 compressions per minute and between 2 and 2.4 inches deep.

There is also additional emphasis on the benefits of full CPR with rescue breaths for child and infant patients, as opposed to hands-only CPR. If you are trained to perform full CPR, it is highly encouraged for these patients.

The update discusses the advantages of technology in rescue, especially encouraging the use of a cell phone to access 911 when available and the use of the speakerphone option so the dispatcher is able to coach you through the steps.

Continually refreshing your CPR skills is encouraged in this update, rather than the typical cycle of every two years.

Ideally, manikins should offer some form of feedback when they have been compressed to the proper depth, in addition to a metronome to convey the correct pace of compressions.

The science is showing that people learn just as well on computer-based courses as they do in a traditional classroom course, further validating online education as a valid way to learn CPR.

Nalaxone (or Narcan) has become much more available as an over-the-counter medication for treating the opioid overdose condition. The update suggests that this module be included in the CPR curriculum.