It is strongly advised not to go out into the elements when cold temperatures are severe, but if you must, here are some tips to help you stay warm.
How to Dress for Cold Weather
- Wear thermals, long socks, jackets, sweaters, vests, gloves, scarves, hats and hand warmers. Pack extra coats if need be as well.
- Be prepared for the conditions: have a heated place you can go to if the cold is just too much.
- Wear waterproof boots that have good gripping.
- Wear thin gloves under mittens for extra warmth and protection.
- Bring warm food-soups, noodles, and hot drinks can all be packed in thermoses. They’ll warm you up from the inside out and keep you cheerful.
How to Avoid Frostbite
We’ve put together a guide of seven ways to avoid frostbite. Please take a look, especially if you’re going to be going out and the temperatures are near or below freezing. It includes tips on how to best layer your clothing for cold temperatures.
Signs and Symptoms of Hypothermia
- Skin that is cold to the touch
- Shivering, then not shivering at all
- Weakness or clumsiness
- Moodiness or irritability
- Confusion, hallucinations, or delirium
- Reflexes are slow
- Seizure or coma
- Shallow breathing
- Irregular or slowed heartbeat
What to do if you or someone you’re with becomes hypothermic
- Don’t stay out in the cold, get in a shelter if you can.
- Take off cold, wet clothing and wrap up in warm, dry blankets.
- Put heat packs under the arms and on chest, neck, and groin.
- Sit down and tuck your knees into your chest.
- Do NOT apply direct heat to arms and legs since this can force cold blood back to the heart.
- Do NOT rub the skin.